Thursday, April 15, 2010

Ron Paul's Flawed Interpretation


I am not unaware of Ron Paul's popularity, however, I feel his Constitutional Interpretation, thereby, his view, and the Republican Party view, of the health bill, is flawed. His Libertarianism was rejected by every Founding Father. The States should not be left alone to act as they please, thus, no law is Constitutional that violates The Laws of God.

Here is a synopsis of what I wrote on the latest post on his blog:
"Just ask Alexander Hamilton, George Washington, and the High Federalists, such as: Ames, Sherman, Read, Ellsworth, Bassett, King, et al. who passed the Bank of the United States."

Hamilton's defense of the Bank is in Article I, Section VIII, the last clause. Hamilton called it "implied powers" that shot down Jefferson's understanding, believing the government was unworkable if strictly left to enumerated powers, leaving us an agrarian society, which is what the infidel Jefferson wanted.

The Constitutional mandate for the bill is the same logic mandating taxes.

Hamilton said as long as a bill does not violate the Scriptures, or Divine Law, it's Constitutional.

Deutoronomy 15 mandates the government provide for the poor, and the text says, "you can trade with other nations."

How can people trade with a nation? If the context is "government" then the text appears to mandate Israel's government provide for the poor?"
Hamilton's defense of the Bank of the United States is excellent:
That every power vested in a government is in its nature sovereign, and includes, by force of the term, a right to employ all the means requisite and fairly applicable to the attainment of the ends of such power, and which are not precluded by restrictions and exceptions specified in the Constitution, or not immoral, or not contrary to the essential ends of political society... The whole turn of the clause containing it indicates, that it was the intent of the Convention, by that clause, to give a liberal latitude to the exercise of the specified powers. The expressions have peculiar comprehensiveness. They are thought to make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by the Constitution in the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof."..This restrictive interpretation of the word necessary is also contrary to this sound maxim of construction, namely, that the powers contained in a constitution of government, especially those which concern the general administration of the affairs of a country, its finances, trade, defense, etc., ought to be construed liberally in advancement of the public good..The means by which national exigencies are to be provided for, national inconveniences obviated, national prosperity promoted, are of such infinite variety, extent, and complexity, that there must of necessity be great latitude of discretion in the selection and application of those means...
Hamilton continues:
...The truth is, that difficulties on this point are inherent in the nature of the Federal Constitution; they result inevitably from a division of the legislative power. The consequence of this division is, that there will be cases clearly within the power of the national government; others, clearly without its powers; and a third class, which will leave room for controversy and difference of opinion, and concerning which a reasonable latitude of judgment must be allowed. But the doctrine which is contended for is not chargeable with the consequences imputed to it. It does not affirm that the national government is sovereign in all respects, but that it is sovereign to a certain extent; that is, to the extent of the objects of its specified powers. It leaves, therefore, a criterion of what is constitutional, and of what is not so. This criterion is the end, to which the measure relates as a mean. If the end be clearly comprehended within any of the specified powers, and if the measure have an obvious relation to that end, and is not forbidden by any particular provision of the Constitution, it may safely be deemed to come within the compass of the national authority. There is also this further criterion, which may materially assist the decision: Does the proposed measure abridge a pre-existing right of any State or of any individual? If it does not, there is a strong presumption in favor of its constitutionality, and slighter relations to any declared object of the Constitution may be permitted to turn the scale.[bold face mine]
-Hamilton's Opinion as to the Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States : 1791

As long as any Act of Congress does not violate the Scriptures, nor contradict the very text of the Constitution, it may be legal. Furthermore, Hamilton gives a defense of corporations, that many neocons, and liberals have used to fleece this nation:
"To erect a corporation, is to substitute a legal or artificial for a natural person, and where a number are concerned, to give them individuality. To that legal or artificial person, once created, the common law of every State, of itself, annexes all those incidents and attributes which are represented as a prostration of the main pillars of their jurisprudence. It is certainly not accurate to say, that the erection of a corporation is against those different head's of the State laws; because it is rather to create a kind of person or entity, to which they are inapplicable, and to which the general rule of those laws assign a different regimen. The laws of alienage cannot apply to an artificial person, because it can have no country; those of descent cannot apply to it, because it can have no heirs; those of escheat are foreign from it, for the same reason; those of forfeiture, because it cannot commit a crime; those of distribution, because, though it may be dissolved, it cannot die."
Here, Hamilton shoots down the reasoning of enumeration, by another Jeffersonian; the Attorney General, Edmund Randolph:
"The Attorney General undertakes in the next place to show, that the power of erecting corporations is not involved in any of the specified powers of legislation confided to the national government. In order to this, he has attempted an enumeration of the particulars which he supposes to be comprehended under the several heads of the Covers to lay and collect taxes, &c.; to borrow money on the credit of the United States, to regulate commerce with sovereign nations; between the States, and with the Indian tribes, to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory of other property belonging to the United States. The design of which enumeration is to show, what is included under those different heads of power, and negatively, that the power of erecting corporations is not included. The truth of this inference or conclusion must depend on the accuracy of the enumeration. If it can be shown that the enumeration is defective, the inference is destroyed. To do this will be attended with no difficulty." [bold face mine]
He was a confident man. Here, Hamilton believed an individual, acting as a corporation could conduct interstate commerce:
The Secretary of State [Thomas Jefferson] objects to the relation here insisted upon by the following mode of reasoning: To erect a bank, says he, and to regulate commerce, are very different acts. He who creates a bank, creates a subject of commerce, so does he who snakes a bushel of wheat, or digs a dollar out of the Nines, yet neither of these persons regulates commerce thereby. To make a thing which may be bought and sold, is not to prescribe regulations for buying and selling. The Secretary of State further argues, that if this was a regulation of commerce, it would be void, as extending as much to the internal commerce of every State as to its external. But what regulation of commerce does not extend to the internal commerce of every State ? What are all the duties upon imported articles amounting to prohibitions, but so many bounties upon domestic manufactures, affecting the interests of different classes of citizens, in different ways? What are all the provisions in the Coasting Acts which relate to the trade between district and district of the same State? In short, what regulation of trade between the States but must affect the internal trade of each State? What can operate upon the whole, but must extend to every part? The relation of a bank to the execution of the powers that concern the common defense has been anticipated. It has been noted, that, at this very moment, the aid of such an institution is essential to the measures to be pursued for the protection of our frontiers."[bold face mine]
You can see why Jefferson called him a "Colossus." He could defeat the Jeffersonians all by himself.

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