It is this concept of inalienable rights thats taken to its logical conclusion in the bill of rights. So, are the bill of rights found in the Bible? No. Did Christian theologians use the Bible and the wisdom of the ages to come up with a rational[sp] for inalienable rights that is unique to Judeo-Christian thought? Yes.
The rationale the author is referring to, is Natural Law; Man's right reason found in Romans 1, 1 Corinthians 2:14-15, and 1 Corinthians 11:14. Nature (common sense), impresses upon us there is a difference between right and wrong, this understanding imputed into our minds by our Creator, just as God's image is imputed to mankind by Adam in James 3. Yet, our rights are enumerated in the Scriptures; supporting the fact it isn't Natural Law they are derived from. The rights are written on paper. Without serious inquiry into Aquinas, I doubt he was unfamiliar with these scriptures.
Again, the Founding Fathers understood our unalienable rights are found in the scriptures. Here is the Father of the Revolution, the mastermind of the Boston Tea Party, one of only two framers not pardoned by King George:
"II. The Rights of the Colonists as Christians.-Samuel Adams, The Report of the Committee of Correspondence to the Boston Town Meeting. November 20, 1772.
These may be best understood by reading and carefully studying the institutes of the great Law Giver and Head of the Christian Church, which are to be found clearly written and promulgated in the New Testament."
Furthermore, another important Founding Father, Benjamin Franklin, believed our rights are found in the Bible by endorsing Adams' report:
The person alluded to by Governor Hutchinson, as "the great director in England," was Dr. Franklin, and it is insinuated that he was in effect the author of the report, but this is in no sense true..To the sentiments expressed in the report of the committee, and adopted by the inhabitants of the town, he fully assented. This is proved by his sending a copy of the proceedings to the press, as soon as he received it in London, with a prefatory notice written by himself. The pamphlet was entitled "The Votes and Proceedings of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, in Town Meeting assembled, according to Law. Published by Order of the Town." -- Sparks.Interesting, that Adams says our unalienable rights are not only expounded by Jesus and the Apostles of the New Testament, but also written by Moses in the Torah.
Samuel Adams and Benjamin Franklin were not the only ones that attributed the Bible as the source of our rights. The Penman of the Revolution understood our unalienable rights come from Jesus Christ:
"Kings or parliaments could not give the rights essential to happiness... We claim them from a higher source -- from the King of kings, and Lord of all the earth."-John Dickinson, An Address to the Committee of Correspondence in Barbados, 1766.
Just where are the texts in the Scripture that expound unalienable rights?
Ironically, several rights are in the same chapter of Deuteronomy, listed one after the other, as the framers listed the Bill of Rights:
Property. Ninth and Tenth Amendment: Deut 19:14. "Thou shalt not remove thy neighbour's landmark, which they of old time have set in thine inheritance, which thou shalt inherit in the land that the LORD thy God giveth thee to possess it."
Trial by Jury. Sixth Amendment: v.15. "One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established."
Unreasonable search and seizure. Fourth Amendment: Deut. 24:10-11. "When thou dost lend thy brother any thing, thou shalt not go into his house to fetch his pledge. Thou shalt stand abroad, and the man to whom thou dost lend shall bring out the pledge abroad unto thee."
Right to bear arms. Second Amendment: “He that hath no sword, let him sell his garment, and buy one.” (Luke 22:36)
Free Speech, assembly, free exercise. First Amendment:
John 4:14Many State legal codes, the death penalty, et al., are quoted verbatim by the framers. It isn't difficult to see why the framers considered America the "New Zion."
"But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life."
"And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day."
"Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life."
"I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever:"
"Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day."
"In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink."
"Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep my saying, he shall never see death."
"And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?"
"So Israel under the monarchy always had an armed population (as the 2nd Amendment envisions for the United States). It also had powerful dissidents, the prophets, who were not afraid to use their freedom of speech to rebuke the government (as the 1st Amendment provides). Yet even though ancient Israel might be said to have protected both 1st Amendment and 2nd Amendment rights, these were not sufficient to protect the full scope of liberty and prevent serious abuses by government. The concentration of national political power continued to have terrible consequences."http://libertyunbound.com/archive/2007_04/kopel-israel.html
Thus, the entire foundation of Law: the Declaration, Constitution and Bill of Rights, are founded upon the Bible, and Natural Law. No doubt, pertaining to religion, the United States was founded an Orthodox Christian Nation.