Friday, December 21, 2007

How many Founding Fathers were involved in Church Ministry?

In October, during one of the numerous presidential debates, former Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee, now a candidate for the Republican Party presidential nomination, made the following statement:

"When our founding fathers put their signatures on the Declaration of Independence, those 56 brave people, most of whom, by the way, were clergymen, they said that we have certain inalienable rights given to us by our creator, and among these life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, life being one of them."

Were most of the Signers clergymen? The answer is No, but by Webster's definition of what constitutes a minister of the Gospel, there are at least three. J.L. Bell, at his blog, “Boston 1775" identifys only one: John Witherspoon.

Of course, Republican Candidate Mike Huckabee's statement is incorrect, showing his knowledge of history. Going back to the foundation of our country, with the inclusion of the Signers of the Articles of Association, and Confederation, there may be more.

Signer of the Declaration of Independence Robert Treat Paine was a minister, no matter how long his tenure:

Robert G. Ferris (editor), Signers of the Declaration: Historic Places Commemorating the Signing of the Declaration of Independence, published by the United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service: Washington, D.C. (revised edition 1975), page 115-116:
"A clergyman turned lawyer-jurist, Robert Treat Paine"
http://www.adherents.com/people/pp/Robert_Treat_Paine.html

"He acted as chaplain of the troops on the northern frontier in 1755 and subsequently preached in the pulpits of the regular clergy in Boston and vicinity."
http://virtualology.com/declarationofindependence/RobertTreatPaine.com/

Webster's in 1828, supports my description of Paine:

ORDA''INED, pp. Appointed; instituted; established; invested with ministerial or pastoral functions; settled.
http://machaut.uchicago.edu/?action=search&word=ordained&resource=Webster%27s&quicksearch=:

CHAPLAIN, n. 1. An ecclesiastic who has a chapel, or who performs service in a chapel. The king of Great Britain has forty-eight chaplains, who attend, four each month, to perform divine service for the royal family. Princes also, and persons of quality have chaplains, who officiate in their chapels.
2. A CLERGYMAN who belongs to a ship of war, or to a regiment of land forces, for performing divine service.

It is true, Paine departed from Christianity and became a unitarian, this point being irrelevant, as Paine was orthodox while helping to form the nation.

Signer of the Declaration Lyman Hall was a minister:

"In 1749 he began preaching in Bridgeport and adjacent towns. Young and immature, he probably entrapped himself in the middle of a liberal-conservative schism and in some way alienated his congregation. But repentance brought quick reinstatement from dismissal in 1751, and for a couple of years he temporarily filled vacant pulpits."
Robert G. Ferris (editor), Signers of the Declaration: Historic Places Commemorating the Signing of the Declaration of Independence, published by the United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service: Washington, D.C. (revised edition 1975), pages 65-67
http://www.adherents.com/people/ph/Lyman_Hall.html

"Hall graduated from Yale College in 1747 and studied theology with his uncle, Rev Samuel Hall (1695-1776; Yale 1716) in Cheshire, CT. In 1749, he was called to the pulpit of Stratfield Parish (now Bridgeport, CT). His pastorate was a stormy one"
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyman_Hall

Constitution Signer Abraham Baldwin was a minister:

"He graduated in 1772. Three years later, he became a minister and tutor at the college. He held that position until 1779, when he served as a chaplain in the Continental Army."
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham_Baldwin

Being called and licensed to preach is sufficient to being considered a minister, the strict interpretation of being "ordained" is a cop out. The greatest preacher of the Great Awakening, Jonathon Edwards, preached for years without being ordained.

How many more founding fathers were ministers of the Gospel?

47 comments:

Anonymous said...

In addition to those listed, I believe one other (from the National Archives). Hugh Williamson from NC, signer of the Constitution, was born of Scotch-Irish descent at West Nottingham, PA., in 1735. He was the eldest son in a large family. Hoping he would become a Presbyterian minister, his parents oriented his education toward that calling. Hugh Williamson spent time after his education settling his father's estate. Then training in Connecticut for the ministry, he soon became a licensed Presbyterian preacher but was never ordained.

Anonymous said...

Could someone please point me to the source of the quote by Mike Huckabee? I need this for a book I'm writing and I can't find a source anywhere. It's a great quote if its reliable.
Thanks.

Anonymous said...

[url=http://sunkomutors.net/][img]http://sunkomutors.net/img-add/euro2.jpg[/img][/url]
[b]slipstream office 2003 service pack 3', [url=http://sunkomutors.net/]software cd purchase[/url]
[url=http://sunkomutors.net/][/url] band software price 12 Pro Retail Price
academic software canada [url=http://sunkomutors.net/]store register software[/url] shop tech software
[url=http://sunkomutors.net/]affiliate store software[/url] windows xp help
[url=http://sunkomutors.net/]buy computer software for[/url] nero 6 ultra edition serial number
netload adobe creative suite 4 [url=http://sunkomutors.net/]learn adobe creative suite 4[/b]

Anonymous said...

[url=http://www.blingforfun.com]hip hop jewelry[/url],[url=http://www.blingforfun.com/pendants/cat_9.html]hip hop pendants[/url],hip hop watches,[url=http://blingforfun.com/belts/cat_18.html]bling bling[/url] ,hip hop,[url=http://blingforfun.com/chains/cat_7.html]hip hop chains[/url],hip hop bling,[url=http://blingforfun.com/chains/cat_7.html]iced out chains[/url],[url=http://www.blingforfun.com/chains/cat_7.html]wholesale chains[/url]
hip hop jewelry
wholesale hip hop watches
hip hop rings

Anonymous said...

[url=http://www.facebook.com/pages/weathercom/298713874092l]www.weather.com[/url]

viagra online said...

this kind of topic is good for people to learn more about it, and that people should be every day less ignorant, and medicine for this is the reading of issues like this

Anonymous said...

отличный сайт!

Anonymous said...

Marvelous job! The feedback given was very useful. I am hoping that you carry on the excellent job done.
fort lauderdale locksmiths
Opa locka Locksmith
Locksmith Richmond CA
Locksmith Sunnyvale CA
Locksmith Santa Clara
Locksmith Newark
locksmiths fort worth
irvine locksmiths
fort worth locksmiths
miami beach locksmiths
locksmith irvine ca
locksmith miami fl
pembroke pines locksmiths
locksmith miami
Hialeah FL Locksmith
miami locksmiths
miami beach locksmiths
hialeah locksmiths
fort worth locksmiths
miami locksmiths

hope said...

nike air maxes have been issued and on the basis air max by better improvement It will be the most popular shoes of the world. discount nike air max are created a visual landmark and has greatly enhanced cushioning and stability. Nike Air max sale has been a big hit this spring with its neutral colorway a suitable match to a variety of fits.nike air max shoes have excellent materials and production.Cheap Nike Air max is made of multiple materials fused together for incredibly lightweight, breathable durability.Nike Air Griffey Max is very popular as Nike Air Max 2010 ,We sell nike air max 2011 and nike air zoom kobe, also sellnike air max tn, nike air max bwand cheap air max
.Buy cheap discount nike air max ltd and nike shoes us online with 40-70% off and Free shipping!We also sell for nike air max skyline ,nike air max shoes, nike collection,nike air max 1, nike air max 95, nike air max 180 and so on.High quality, incredible comfort and fashion are nike air max 24 7 and nike air max 87, It is worth to own nike air max 90 and nike air max 91.Welcome and happy purchasing online in nike air maxes.

nikeairmaxshoe said...

Be fast to browse the newest styles and lots of affordable outfits and Nike oxygen Max and women's merchandise is not an daily affair, for that reason that in the stress of modern day time girls ordinarily do not possess a complete great offer time and vitality to go buying by means of countless many style malls, and look at special fees will make you exhausted, so which you can acquire a satisfactory goods, call up for to devote lots of time, the show up of on collection buying significantly minimizing the inconvenience of this, now you not just can every one of the sudden go to to lots of goods Nike Air Max Shoes .

Windows XP Help said...

truth, so important to humanity, yet so hard, Thank You

Nike Mercurial Vapor Superfly said...

Ah good exciting content! Will always come to our attention. To bring you good news-works perfect! Nike Football Cleats best shoes 2011!! And Nike Mercurial Vapor Superfly.Nike soccer cleats with New nike soccer shoes or Nike mercurial soccer cleats .

Anonymous said...

If some one wishes to be updated with latest technologies therefore he must be pay a quick visit this website and be up to date daily.
Also visit my site Orlando contractor

Anonymous said...

Hello, i think that i saw you visited my web site thus i came to “return the favor”.
I'm trying to find things to improve my site!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

Feel free to surf to my website; スー

Anonymous said...

We absolutely love your blog and find a lot
of your post's to be what precisely I'm looking for.
Does one offer guest writers to write content available for you?
I wouldn't mind composing a post or elaborating on a lot of the subjects you write with regards to here. Again, awesome web site!

Also visit my blog - スーパーコピー

Anonymous said...

For this reason, on the whole life coaches diversify so that offer multiple streams of income.

This is an area where 360 Commentary is often beneficial.
You need to are actually one-of-a-kind much like the substances.
You lone need to receive a look around it for the item to turn
out to be distinct. http://www.coachtsuuhan.com/

Anonymous said...

This is where build operators and brokers publish their best deals.
These kinds associated with vehicles are best to short journeys
where comfort is not actually the priority. Almost certainly you think your organization are wise together with a good helpful hints giver.
For anybody who is feeling really ambitious, I strongly let you know extend your
go to include a helicopter ride. http://www.
coachtsuuhan.com/

Anonymous said...

Allow for us get your corporation off The Strip and on forum a
Grand Canyon motorcoach tour in Las Vegas!
The massive pontoon boats are a little short stroll upstream.
More than likely though, it will be difficult to get yourself a
practice going. Keep up-to-date combined with the latest browse and development present
in the field. http://www.kochininki.com/

Anonymous said...

2011年春コレクションからバーバリーのスタッズレザークロスボディバッグはストレートロンドンキ​​ャットウォークオフです

my webpage ショップ バーバリー

Anonymous said...

Then, she would definitely have a small pride pouch in our bag.
Yet, it amongst the of the almost any loved possessions of women.
Pick out the best moment in time for you to make sure you see a
place of abode. The pure Suhali leather presents our house some freshness and as
well as modernity. http://www.mentalhealthwyoming.com/index.
php?/member/28704/

Anonymous said...

人は彼のほしいと彼らにうまくフィットする人に応じて香水多数の中から選択することができます

Also visit my weblog; ジャケット バーバリー

Anonymous said...

グッチトートバッグこ
れらの種類は、次のように見ら
れてどのように
大規模な、彼らは一般的に、私は時折グッ
チショップを訪れた
ことがありませんクライ
アントを考えると内の画像を参照してください。グッチペラムは、彼らがする
ことができます
どのように大規模な
極めて過小評価トートバッグ

Have a look at my blog post - グッチ 長財布

Anonymous said...

別の香水の香りはさまざまなボディタイプで異なっにおい

Here is my homepage セール バーバリー

Anonymous said...

これらのいくつかは、エレガントで寛大ですが
、まだ他の人が
遊び心と面白いです

Have a look at my homepage: シャネル 新作

Anonymous said...

They have a huge nice, snug fitness fit and nothing is compromised.
Carrying an added shade and a fabulous pair of view glasses is possibly
noticed. Business started its operation almost 150 in the past and started basically selling travelers carriers.
But it is also held that you must have one's very judgment. http://www.nwcs.co.uk/test.php?a[]=%3Ca+href=http://www.ruivitonoutlets.com/%3E%E3%83%B4%E3%82%A3%E3%83%88%E3%83%B3+%E5%81%BD%E7%89%A9%3C/a%3E

Anonymous said...

単にファッションのアドバイスのた
めの最高のア
プリは、女の子
はとてもフレンドリーで
甘いですが、明らかに自分の作品を知っている


Review my web site シャネル 公式

Anonymous said...

。多くは長年にわたって本当
に最後のグッチ
のブランド、偽の品種で品質の
おか​​げで財布
をはたきおとす。しかし、品種が優れている
ふりをし、ファッ
ションに敏感な人は偽のも
のから、オリジナルを区別すること
ができます

my site :: gucci バッグ

Anonymous said...

Undeniably imagine that that you said. Your favorite
justification appeared to be on the web the simplest factor to be mindful of.
I say to you, I certainly get irked at the same
time as other people think about concerns that they just
don't realize about. You controlled to hit the nail upon the highest as neatly as defined out the whole thing with no need side effect , other folks could take a signal. Will probably be again to get more. Thanks

Feel free to surf to my weblog: karen millen clothing

Anonymous said...

。グッチGuccissimaホ
ーボーバッグは、
それは美しく快適
なだけでなく、耐久性に優れ
、長持ちだか
らとても人気があり
ます。あなた
が運ぶことができるので、このBordeauxguccissimaホーボーハンドバッグは、その例外ではありません四季
年であり、一人一人で壊し
て見て

My site :: http://connorstuff.com

Anonymous said...

ファッションへ
の情熱は、すべてのなめらかな
ページ上明らかで
あるとしたら、それはあ
なた自身を引き離
すのは難しい表示を開始

My page: chanel

Anonymous said...

これは信じられ
ないほど最高
級を選択し、ご
要望と流行スタイルのすべてに合ったも
のを意味しな​​ければなりません


my site: chanel バッグ

Anonymous said...

彼らは、ハードウェア:ライト
ゴールド、デュアルショルダ
ーストラップによって特徴づけて
いる、閉鎖、サ
イドスイッチ
スナップを取る。さらにジッパー財布
、スタッド、およびリム
ーバブル式インターロッキン
グGチャーム内側、
プリーツ細部に焦点を支払う。さらに、彼らはGuccissimaレザー
でご利用いただけます


Here is my web blog ... グッチ

Anonymous said...

それは "世界で最も伝説的な香り"とみなされ、香水販売チャートで
トップの場所にランクされ


Also visit my web blog; シャネル 公式

Anonymous said...

それは "世界で最も伝説的な香り"とみなされ
、香水販売チャートで
トップの場所にランクされる

my blog; シャネル 新作

Anonymous said...

それでは、どの
ように彼らは、検索は常にあ
なたはどの他の男やギャルの数を発
見するでしょう
シングルACHとそれぞれの存在で持っているに余
分な情報については、すべての妥協姿勢で
すべてであるそうで
あるように基礎、これ
らのタイプの
人々のグループを判断する機関に入手直後 - あなたが求められ
て行く​​得るに関して詳しくは
、注目すべきは、マルチをgetingののことができるよう
に、より多くのデー
タのための試みを行って
いるの彼らの全体
の体の必要とする何が
起こって全体のすべてを把
握し実行便利なリソースフ
ィールドとしてそれを活用に関して自分自身を教育するために発生したと
きに最終的な結果は食品
項目と達成は何より道大
幅にはるかに良い自分自身をすることに
関して意味するそれらの
人々の期間のために
均等に慰めと苦渋の状況になることがで
きます

my web blog; シャネル ウォレット

Anonymous said...

偉大な新しいスタイルにあまりあなたの給与の支出をする代わりにデザイナー風のラインに有効にすることです

Also visit my web-site メンズ バーバリー

Anonymous said...

This only two negatives I could arrive were the cost and
availability of service. It had become a much labeled fashion icon without treatment.
Shallower, dark-water lakes go into the transition period of
this time initial. It is still used through youth and musical technology enthusiasts today.
http://filefreakz.com/user-121036.html

Anonymous said...

戦略的に配置されたドローストリングそして美しいゴールドトーンのグロメット留め金そしてクリップで飾られたこれらのバッグは究極のファッションアクセサリーです

My website ... メンズ バーバリー

Anonymous said...

Deflation and arrange some air in it once and for everything.

Also think about the part they are probably in and the thing actions occur right now.
If you use the tips from the report previously mentioned, you can improve your
memory. Single mnemonic is declaration organization.
http://www.mercadeo-web.com/libro-de-mercadeo-y-posicionamiento-web/Usuario:MilagroWi

Feel free to visit my web-site: air max 1

Anonymous said...

Rhymes, music, as well as the amusing photos make very good mnemonics.
Around other hand, costs of despair furthermore pessimism
have under no circumstances been higher. Experiencing knowledge is powerful to using all the
things sportfishing has to offer. Pessimists are extra most likely to give up your when issues occur.
http://dnet.escoglobal.com/author/JameySiss

Anonymous said...

Komen Foundation on a major National Breast Cancer Awareness
Month season. The two become as close as sisters, using each other signifies treatment.
Save thousands on normal roofs setups. This is not thereby difficult as time intensive as you acquire something from Tory Burch.
http://www.teshincup.com/modules/profile/userinfo.php?uid=6303

Anonymous said...

Carly Rae Jepsen: The Ultimate Belieber ELLE
Carly Rae Jepsen: The Ultimate BelieberMarch 19 4:01 PMby Nojan Aminosharei 0 Comments Photo: Carly Rae Jepsen Up on the "sunny shores of Canada" (a description we've borrowed from [url=http://ccoachonlineoutlet.com/]Coach Outlet[/url] the cult Canuck cartoon Clone High), Carly Rae Jepsen is a well known pop commodity: the 26-year-old finished third on the fifth season of Canadian Idol back in 2007; released her debut [url=http://ccoachonlineoutlet.com/]Coach Outlet[/url] album, Tug of War, in 2008; and recently topped charts in her home country with her instantly infectious single "Call Me Maybe." Then she went viral stateside this year courtesy of the Canadian teen-pop messiah himself, Justin Bieber, who recorded a homemade video of himself and pals (including girlfriend Selena Gomez, and Ashley Tisdale) busting a move to Jespen's "Maybe." Now she's signed with U.S. label Interscope, is gearing up for American shows (including a gig on Ellen), and has already recorded a duet with the Biebs. Below, she tells ELLE.com about how she became a Belieber, and what other Canadian goodies we're missing out on. ELLE: How did that Justin Bieber-recorded video happen? Carly Rae Jepsen: I truly don't know! Justin apparently came home from Christmas and heard [url=http://ccoachonlineoutlet.com/]http://ccoachonlineoutlet.com/[/url] the song playing on the radio. Then one day, I was on the phone with my mom while checking Facebook and I saw that someone had posted the video. I was like, "That boy looks a lot like Justin Bieber...wait a second. Mom, I gotta go." ELLE: And you've met since, right? CRJ: He flew me down to L.A. [url=http://ccoachonlineoutlet.com/]Coach Outlet Online[/url] I got to meet him and his whole team. That night, he played me his new album and asked me what I thought of the fourth track. I said, That's my favorite! Then he asked if I want to do a duet? I was like, What? Yes! They put me in the [url=http://ccoachonlineoutlet.com/]coach factory online[/url] booth and I recorded the song that night. ELLE: What's the name of the track? CRJ: Oh, that's on lockdown. ELLE: What's the weirdest question you get about being Canada? CRJ: I've actually been asked if we live in igloos. It's kind of cute. No, we don't have winter all the time. We know what summer is—we have beautiful summers! ELLE: As a fellow Canadian, I'm most concerned with the lack of poutine here—fries, gravy, cheese curd, delicious! CRJ: Are you serious? I didn't know that was our thing. Poutine, my goodness. Let's open up a poutine shop and sell everybody what they're missing. That and ketchup flavored chips. ELLE: Can we throw in Caesars? The idea of a Bloody Mary with clamato juice (tomato and clam broth) repels everyone here—and nobody will make it! CRJ: You know, I've tried to order that and they just look at me [url=http://ccoachonlineoutlet.com/]Coach Outlet Online[/url] like I'm from Mars. But it's so good! And it's kind of healthy, right? Well, maybe not with the vodka. Tags: selena gomez carly rae jepsen justin bieber

Anonymous said...

So does one offer you everything that its competitors definitely?
Does the activity call for extra traction, more ventilation, more insulation or more support?
S., and UGG Australia was purchased of Deckers Outdoor Consortium (1995).
Carat- This is some sort of medium the precious gems are weighed.

http://wafflesns.com/activity/p/71187/

Visit my web page ... nike air max 90

Anonymous said...

For a second time the female defendant took belts as well as , dropped them in
the bag. Those actions make the Sac Mary Kate develop the greatest designer purses?
Every soon to be mom will be gratified with this specify.
Nyasha became a high fashion model after attracting
the UK Superior Model Look Sport in 2009. http://eve.

sapporoplus.com/WebBoard/data/7/page_7_67.html

China tours said...

What a beautiful dragonfly and what wonderful post!!I am a china tour lover,You can learn more: China tour operator | China tour packages | China city travel

Learn Chinese online said...

The best place to study Chinese online is in China. However, we understand that it isn't always possible to move here to study Chinese language. The next best thing is to study with our experienced teachers in a virtual classroom. Online students enjoy the same excellent way of Mandarin Online Course and custom designed courseware that we provide for our face to face clients.

Anonymous said...

>29 of the signers where trained minsters. And up ward ~ 50 of the 56 where staunch christiain. Just start to look at their writings and it is overwhelming.